Alfred, Gerald (Taiaiake). Wasáse: Indigenous Pathways of Action and Freedom. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2005.
Alfred, a Mohawk scholar in Canada, argues that traditional lifeways must be revitalized among First Nations people in order for them to articulate and implement an effective political strategy in resistance to settler states. He explains that religious regeneration will provide an ethical grounding and counter practice to the authoritarian forms of power utilized by the settler state.